Light Speed

Then God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years; 15 and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth”; and it was so.    Genesis 1:14-15

The age of the earth and universe has been a hot debate topic for decades.  It shouldn’t be.  There are enough time references in the Old Testament to calculate that the universe is about 6000 years old.  I’ve even gone through that exercise myself, and it works.

The problem started with Darwin and the development of the theory of evolution.  The problem with the Biblical age of the universe is that it didn’t provide enough time for evolution to work.  Pro evolution scientists needed millions of years to accommodate the idea that spontaneous changes in DNA could yield the diversity of life we see today.  They called for a universe that’s millions, even billions of years old, an idea known as “deep time.”  That’s when people started getting the notion that the Bible must somehow be wrong.

If you have a Biblical world view, you’ll know that evolution can’t possibly work.  And science supports it!  For example, geologic layers throughout the world match up precisely with each other.  How does that happen without a global event lasting roughly a year and with many stages from the first rain drop to Noah and company stepping off the ark?

Evolution doesn’t work theologically.  It depends on millions of years of death at the hands of nature before producing mankind.  The problem is that death entered the world through the sin of one man, Adam.  How could death exist prior to Adam?  This alone should make evolution and deep time untenable for Christians who want to compromise, declaring their faith in God and still giving evolution credence.

The theory of evolution: it’s a theory, which has not yet been proven.  We see countless examples of variations within species currently and in the geologic record, but no completely new species.  Variations occur by the environment favoring certain DNA combinations, but that is not a change of species!  Even Dr. Lyall Watson, famed anthropologist and evolution proponent admits, “The fossils that decorate our family tree are so scarce that there are still more scientists than specimens. The remarkable fact is that all of the physical evidence we have for human evolution can still be placed, with room to spare, inside a single coffin!”

Science gives us every proof that evolution is more a religion than good science!

But there’s one bugaboo that has put a crimp in people’s ability to accept a 6000 year old universe…


I said LIGHT speed, not WARP speed, captain!!

If the universe is a mere 6000 years old, how is that we can see the light of stars that are millions of light years away?  Riddle me that, Batman!

Enter Albert Einstein and his theory of relativity.  It gives a profound spin to the idea of speed.

Let’s start with what we all know.  First, the speed of light is finite and unchangeable at 186,282 miles per second.  At that rate, it should take millions of years for the light of most stars to each earth.


While the formula – distance over time – is unchangeable, one element of that equation is relative.  Time!

From the article Real-World Relativity: The GPS Navigation System: “…the clock ticks from the GPS satellites must be known to an accuracy of 20-30 nanoseconds…when viewed from the surface of the Earth, the clocks on the satellites appear to be ticking faster than identical clocks on the ground. A calculation using General Relativity predicts that the clocks in each GPS satellite should get ahead of ground-based clocks by 45 microseconds per day.”  That equals 45,000 nanoseconds per day for a system that requires precision within 20-30 nanoseconds.  Huge difference!

The initial algorithms for GPS software produced poor results.  They then realized that Einstein’s theory meant that there was a difference in the speed of time between objects in orbit and objects on earth.  Increased gravity equals increase speed in the flow of time.  Objects on earth age faster than objects in orbit.  It’s not so much that we can discern it with our senses, but the GPS system proves the difference in the flow of time!

So, proximity to a gravity well (planet, moon, star, etc.) determines the speed of time!  The further you get from a gravity well, the slower time passes.

Outer space is mostly that – just empty space.  One astronomer used this example; if two galaxies were to cross paths one might expect massive collisions and destruction.  In reality, there is so much emptiness within every galaxy that two galaxies could cross each other with nothing happening!  Within that vastness, often light years away from any gravity well, time would slow to a crawl.

The second idea relating to the flow of time is time dilation; the faster an object travels, the slower time passes for it.  As one approaches light speed, time slows to a mere crawl and perhaps even stops at light speed!

In deep space between the stars and earth, one second cold last millions of earth years!  Light from those distant stars could arrive here for us to see almost instantaneously.

I don’t know if there’s a direct bearing, but this reminds me of 2 Peter 3:8, “But beloved, do not forget this one thing, that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years and a thousand years as one day.”

Despite what the evolutionists and deep time advocates try to tell us, science itself proves that the Bible is correct!

Abraham 1.0 – Sodom & Gomorrah

Sodom DestructionThen the Lord rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the Lord out of the heavens. 25 So He [a]overthrew those cities, all the plain, all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground.    Genesis 19:24-25

Just to make sure we’re all clear as to why God burned those two cities to a crisp, here’s a recap:

Those cities were sexually depraved, perverted. When two angels came to Abraham’s nephew, Lot, to guide him and his family out of the city before the destruction, he told them to stay in the house that night, not in the town square. Lot knew the neighborhood.

Word got around town that Lot had some male guests that were pretty hot, and all the guys in town came around, surrounded the house, and demanded Lot give them up to be raped. Lot pleaded with the crowd to not be so wicked. He even offered his virgin daughters to the crowd in place of these men, whom he knew to be of God. Personally, I think he should have been left by the angels for that! The angels pulled Lot back into the house, struck everyone blind, and they all escaped.

Pretty fantastic story, isn’t it? Either it’s some sort of allegory to make a point, or maybe there was a volcanic eruption, but fire and brimstone from heaven?

Exodus CaseEnter the book, The Exodus Case by Dr. Lennart Moller. He’s done a lot of archeological research into the events of Exodus, and started with Sodom and Gomorrah in Genesis.

He believes the site has been found. First, it’s geographically sited where the Bible locates it. Secondly, this 2 x 3 kilometer area is burnt to a crisp. He describes how the entire area is covered by a thick layer of a finely grained substance that is apparently some sort of ash that even drifts in some spots like snow. It clung to their clothes like ash, and smelled of sulfur It appears there could have been a town there, but the destruction is too great to be certain. There are some walls which are not affected. He believes they are a quartz based rock not affected by burning sulfur. Why did he specify burning sulfur?

Sulfur BallHere is where it gets interesting. There are stones all over the place, and all appear to have been plugged. Curious, he cut several in half so that he cut into the plug. The profile shows a hole into the center where he found a ball of sulfur of such purity that a chemist friend of his at first couldn’t believe it was sulfur. When he decided it definitely was sulfur, he couldn’t believe Dr. Moller found it as he said he did. He thought it could only have been manufactured to be that pure.

Such sulfur balls were found not only in round stones but in blocks of stone as well. I won’t attempt to reproduce the technical discussion Dr. Moller gives in the book, but I will share the analytics that were performed on samples in the lab: “X-ray crystallography, liquid chromatography, and atom absorption spectrophotometers, by qualified geological and analytical laboratories, who knew nothing about the identity of the samples to be analyzed.”

How did those sulfur balls get into the stones? Already alight, they apparently hit, burned their way in, and melted the host rock to form a plug. Starved of oxygen, the sulfur ball extinguished and was preserved inside the stones. As to how the round rocks came to be, the heat turned the stone immediately around the burning sulfur into a harder stone. Over the centuries, erosion wore away the surrounding stone, leaving the stone balls containing the sulfur.

Partially revealed stone balls can still be seen protruding from their host rock.Sulfur Ball in Rock

Did I mention he touched off a few of those sulfur balls in the field to see what would happen? They burned like hell!

He also found what appear to be skeletal remains that had been exposed to high heat. Again, I’ll leave the technical discussion for you to read in the book. I will say that the skeletal portions he believes them to be – pelvis, for example – are those that are the most resistant to destruction by heat.

The remains, the ash, and the sulfur balls were all subjected to rigorous laboratory analysis by scientists who were asked to do their analysis in the blind so as to not prejudice results. Dr. Moller’s discussion includes a chemical analysis of the types of rock on the site vs. the surrounding area and how the burning sulfur would yield the composition of materials on site.

“But He answered and said to them, ‘I tell you that if these should keep silent, the stones would immediately cry out.’”   Luke 19:40

In addition, this site was known in antiquity as Sodom and Gomorrah. The great Roman historian Josephus recounts reports he had heard of this area, right down to the odd stone with sulfur in them, which were described as looking like a fruit.

Here is what is so impressive about Dr. Moller’s style; he does not claim that this is definitely the site of Sodom and Gomorrah. He puts it forth as his theory which currently fits all known facts. As with any theory, he acknowledges he could be proven wrong with the introduction of new data. This is how he writes the entire book. He is very careful to differentiate between theory, speculation, and fact. He is not a Christian with an agenda to prove Exodus. He is a scientist who is a Christian, following sound principles of investigation. His conclusions are drawn with extremely conservative reasoning and an abundance of data.

Intrigued? The book is available on Amazon. I’d also recommend getting the two DVDs that Amazon will suggest you buy along with it. I got them and, boy howdy, I’m glad I did. The book is 400+ pages with tons of documentation and high quality pictures.  It is VERY readable!

The Tower of Babel

Babel“Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top is in the heavens; let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth.”    Genesis 11:4

So the Flood ended, and Mr. & Mrs. Noah, his sons, and their wives started the human race anew. There were some pronouncements and events after that bear noting.

Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you. I have given you all things, even as the green herbs. 4 But you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood. Genesis 9:3-4

Although God clothed Adam and Eve with animal skins, this seems to be the first time that God specifies that animals are allowed for food. That’s particularly interesting in light of all of the dietary restrictions God gave the Israelites at Mt. Sinai and later lifted in a vision to Peter. The latter was, arguably about Peter accepting an imminent mission to a Gentile, but we’ll leave that for someone else to argue.

Interestingly, God places a firm prohibition against consuming blood. Blood is life and not to be desecrated as food. This fit in with 23 Minutes in Hell by Bill Weise. He wrote that God gave him a taste of hell and that he didn’t bleed despite being cut by demons. I think that’s an interesting detail that lends some credibility along with other details. It also echoes the horrible thirst related by the rich man who spurned poor Lazarus and begged Moses for just a drop of water.

RainbowGod also presented His rainbow in the sky as a mark of His promise to never again destroy the world with a Flood. It has NOTHING to do with the LGBT agenda! It’s arguably blasphemous to misappropriate something claimed by God for His purpose and assign it a different meaning…especially to symbolize something He prohibited.

Noah had planted a vineyard after the Flood, made wine, and got himself pretty drunk, collapsing into his tent naked. His son, Canaan, ventured in for a peak, and told his brothers, who backed into the tent with a covering for their father. Noah, angry that Canaan spied on him in a vulnerable state, cursed him. Canaan is the namesake for the Land of Canaan that the Israelites conquered centuries later.

Nimrod was the great grandson of Noah who founded Babel amongst other cities.

He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.   Genesis 10:9-10

Everyone alive at that time spoke one language and had one culture. That makes sense since they all traced to Noah and his sons. It was an exercise in ego to establish their own greatness, to go up to visit God, to show Him they could get there with a tower high enough all on their own.

God recognized their purpose and what gave them the ability to do something so huge; one language and one culture. He confused their language from one to many and the people dispersed.

This isn’t just another fascinating Bible story that explains the diversity of languages on earth. There’s a lesson to be learned. Mankind thinks that if we can just all come together as one, there will be peace and harmony. The history of Babel shows this is not the case.

United NationsModern proof of this is the possibly well-intentioned United Nations which is as riddled with corruption as one might get. There are indications around us that a ruling elite want a push to a one world government. Listen to old speeches by President GHW Bush, Reagan, and Obama. There are references to a “New World Order.” Google Bush’s “1000 Points of Light” speech. It was considered visionary and hopeful, but read or listen to it carefully for what he’s really saying.

Such a thing will only breed corruption and evil. It will make populations much easier to control, to take advantage of and even cull back like so many deer. Those who propose to rule will only conceive of evil as “absolute corrupts absolutely.”

You might recall from the recent Book of Enoch series that fallen Watchers taught mankind all sorts of technology and secrets from how to kill, perform abortions, and even music to other technology of metal-working and more.

While I love music and have thought I’d miss it if taken away, isn’t it a distraction from being entirely focused on God and the relationship He yearns to have with us? Wouldn’t those of Babel found themselves much closer to God if not for the technology they learned and trying to do it all themselves?

Such are the lessons we can learn from…The Tower of Babel!

Genesis 6 – The Book of Enoch, Part 3

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel.   Genesis 3:15

We know the fallen angels lusted after human women. This also fits into Satan’s plan of battle with God. Remember that God had a little chit-chat with Adam, Eve, and the Serpent. God makes two critical statements in setting the course of history and His plan of salvation. He refers to Eve’s seed and Satan’s seed.

We know that, ultimately, Eve’s seed is Jesus, but that includes everyone in between too, right? Here’s the real question. Who is Satan’s seed? There are several possibilities, none of which are necessarily mutually exclusive.

The Anti-Christ of Revelation is often referred to as the son of Satan. Whether that’s a literal description or an honorary title of sorts is open to guesses. No one has been able to find him yet let alone define his parentage. Still, it’s possible.

I pose the question of whether the Nephilim might be considered the seed of Satan. Recall that they are the offspring of fallen angels and human women. They certainly play into Satan’s plans to attempt to thwart God’s redemption plan.   Satan’s seed and Eve’s seed have contended ever since, starting most notably when the Israelites entered the Promised Land after 40 years in the wilderness. Given also that Satan and his minions hate humanity as much as God loves them, anything they can do to see us damned or at least suffering here on earth is nothing if not gravy for them.

That being gravy, what’s the underlying purpose for Satan? If he corrupts the entire human stock, there will be no pure humans to produce a human Christ, both God and man.  Satan’s seed could have no part in Jesus’ makeup. Christ had to be the new Adam, so he had to be of Adam’s human stock. Hence the proscription to the Children of Israel not to inter-marry with the current inhabitants of the Promised Land.

What was the purpose in getting into every species on earth? I can’t help quoting Alfred from the Batman trilogy: “Some people just want to watch the world burn.” That seems to go double or more for demons.

Remember that God decided to use The Flood to destroy “all flesh.” Not just humanity, but all living things. Why all life?

An answer to this question lies both in The Book of Enoch and a modern book, 23 Minutes in Hell by Bill Wiese. This is the story of the author’s trip to hell, courtesy of God. God prefers using carrots in bringing humanity to salvation, but He’s not above using a stick. Remember all of the choices He gave the Israelites in the wilderness; “I set before you today a blessing and a curse.”

The message to Wiese was that God wants to re-introduce humanity to the stick of hell. What better way to do that than to take someone there, filter the pain so as not to destroy him, and then have him tell his story. And, by the way, there is a whole community of people he discovered who have had the same experience.

DemonsThe critical part of 23 Minutes in Hell for the purposes of this article is his description of rising through a large shaft, leading away from hell. He saw demons of every shape and size, from insects to giants:

…I noticed that I was standing in the middle of a cave. The wall wrapped around me and led to the vast expanse of the pit. As I looked at the walls, I saw that they were covered with thousands of hideous creatures. These demonic creatures were all sizes and shapes. Some of them had four legs and were the size of bears. Other stood upright and were about the size of gorillas. They were all terribly grotesque and disfigured. It looked as though their flesh had been decomposing and all their limbs were twisted out of proportion. Some displayed immense, long arms or abnormally large feet. They seemed to me to be the living dead. There were also gigantic rats and huge spiders at least three feet wide and two or three feet high. I also saw snakes and worms, ranging from small to enormously large.

Enoch notes how the giants also sinned against all flesh, not just humanity. It looks as though they sired off-spring in just about every corner of the animal kingdom. While not stating such explicitly, Enoch writes that “…they began to sin against birds, and beasts, and reptiles, and fish…” Enoch 7:5b.

First, why would God feel the need to destroy “all flesh?” Second, Where did that whole spectrum of creatures come from in 23 Minutes in Hell? The answer to both question is one in the same, and we’re getting closer to that answer.

Next – When the Bible talks about God being revered “above all gods,” just whom were they talking about?

Genesis 6 – The Book of Enoch, Part 2

There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.   Genesis 6:4

This brings me back to a theme I’ve sounded before; The Olivet Discourse, otherwise known as Matthew 24. Jesus did not say that all they needed to know was that they were saved when the disciples asked Jesus about the future and end times. He gave them a Cliff Notes version of Revelation. He warned them – and us – that the last days will be like those in Noah’s time before The Flood.

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056Fortunately, we can see just what was happening at that time in Genesis 6. It gives us the broad brushstrokes of what those days were like. The Book of Enoch gives us a great deal of detail. I believe it is an authentic work even though there are those who doubt that.

First, it brings detail to the beginnings of the Nephilim and names the angels that decided to sin against God. Enoch describes the immense size of the Nephilim, the fact that humans fed them, and that the Nephilim started eating them and each other when supplies ran out. They became cannibals.

And when men could no longer sustain them, the giants turned against 5them and devoured mankind.   Enoch 7: 4b-5a

Now here is an extra-Biblical dot to connect. Giant skeletons have been found in abundance in North America as well as around the world. Most of these stay within the twenty foot height, but there are some outliers stretching much taller than that.

Giants and Indian

Choctaw legend speaks of giants who used mammoths as beasts of burden

Along with this is the oral history of the North American Indians which tells of a giant race of cannibals who came from the west. Their history says that they arrived about 2500 years before Columbus or about 1000 BC. These giants were extremely violent and cannibalistic. What is also interesting is that Indians describe them as having six fingers and toes and double rows of teeth. This matches perfectly with the archeological record of skeletons that have been found here and around the world. It also matches the descriptions of the giants in Canaan, specifically King Og and Goliath’s brothers. See the following excerpts from articles about a few of these finds.


After a time, and having endured the outrages of these giants, it is said that the people banded together, and through the final force of about 800 warriors, successfully annihilated all of the abhorrent Ronnongwetowanca people. After that, it was said that there were no giants anywhere. This was supposed to have happened around 2,500 winters before Columbus discovered America, i.e. around 1000 B.C.E.-the time that the Adena seem to have arrive in the Ohio Valley.   (2000 Ross Hamilton, Computer Images ©2000 Patricia Mason. All rights reserved.)

And –

…these skeletons had heights which ranged from 7.6 feet up to 10 feet and the skulls were much bigger than the heads of any type of person who lived inside America today. The story also said the skulls had double rows of teeth, six toes on each foot and six fingers on each hand… In 2002, National Geographic did a report on 12 skeletons that were supposedly discovered in Greece. They were measured at heights between 12 to 15 feet tall. (From Giant Human Skeletons Discovered in Wisconsin? By Kimberly Ruble on February 4, 2014)

Another find just south of Lake Erie in northern Ohio:

Giants of N America

A separate account (Apologies for the poor quality)

Later, in 1878, another discovery in the county of Ashtabula County, Ohio. Mounds were excavated on land belonging to Peleg Sweet, a man of large features. In the first mound, they unearthed a skull and jaw which were of such size that the skull would cover Sweet’s head and the jaw could be easily slipped over his face. Excavating further, they discovered these mounds contained the graves estimated between two and three thousand. Many of the skeletons found were of gigantic proportions.   (From Giants of Ohio and the Mound Builders by Mary Sutherland, author of Living in the Light)


Finally –

During the past few years a huge controversy has emerged accusing the Smithsonian (and a host of skeptics and archaeologists) of covering up the discovery of hundreds of giant skeletons from Native American Indian mounds. Jim Vieira is one of the key people who began uncovering hundreds of newspaper accounts of giant skeletons after he became intrigued by his visits to stone chambers found primarily in northeastern states. To date, Vieira has pulled together about 1,500 accounts from newspapers and books published in the 1800s and early 1900s. The newspaper stories relate that the skeletons ranged in size from 7 feet to well over 18 feet in length. (From The truth about giant skeletons in American Indian mounds, and the Smithsonian cover-up)

Another interesting tidbit is that of the stereotypical Indian greeting. We’ve all seen it; right hand raised and a solemn “How!” resonates from the Indian.

Indian Hand Greeting

“How” many fingers?

We were always told that this greeting showed a stranger that they were unarmed and not a danger. That sounded good until I started learning about the giants in North America. This interpretation holds no water. Indians always carried a weapon of some sort, whether a knife as a tool to a tomahawk or bow and arrow. Any of these could be worn at the waist or slung over a shoulder, so an empty hand means nothing.


The giants were not always freakishly tall, but they were all very violent and cannibalistic.   The one way an Indian could show someone that he was not one of THOSE guys, was to show that he had only five fingers.

So there are a couple dots connected for you. Coming up; just how carried away did the fallen angels get in ruining humans and the earth?

Genesis 6 – The Book of Enoch Part 1

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men also, saying, “Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints, 15 to execute judgment on all, to convict all who are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have committed in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.    Jude 14-15

When were the Old and New Testament canons fixed? An extensively foot-noted Wikipedia article tells us:

“There is no scholarly consensus as to when the Hebrew Bible canon (Old Testament) was fixed: some scholars argue that it was fixed by the Hasmonean dynasty (140–40 BCE),[5] while others argue it was not fixed until the second century CE or even later.[6] The Catholic Pontifical Biblical Commission says that “the more restricted Hebrew canon is later than the formation of the New Testament” (which was pretty well settled in Late Antiquity, defined as about any time from the 3rd to the 9th century).

In other words, the spread on when the OT canon was fixed is about 1000 years. If truly written by Enoch, his book predates the earliest estimated fixed canon by 6000 years.

One group of arguments says that Enoch uses material from, for example, the Torah. That’s a chicken or the egg argument.  Who’s to say the Torah didn’t borrow from Enoch since we have no original manuscripts to date?

Another argument Jews had used against it was that it describes how angels sinned. They could not fathom that happening, as Trypho the Jew indicated – rather strongly – in his debate with Justin Martyr.  Again from Wikipedia:

“The utterances of God are holy, but your expositions are mere contrivances, as is plain from what has been explained by you; nay, even blasphemies, for you assert that angels sinned and revolted from God.” (Dialogue 79)

This one confuses me, because Genesis 6 tells the same story, albeit with nowhere near the detail of Enoch. Yet there seemed to be no problem with Genesis.

Dead Sea Scroll Caves

Caves where some of the Dead Sea Scrolls were found

The 140 B.C. date of the earliest possible fix of the OT canon is also within as little as 10 years, maybe a century, of the estimated date of the writing of the Dead Sea Scrolls themselves, which include The Book of Enoch. This is the earliest physical document we have for it, so dating the actual composing of the original manuscript is nigh on to impossible.

Enoch is quoted by a canonical book, Jude.  Jude was the brother of James the Just, who was the reported brother of Jesus.  Even if not blood related to Jesus, he was the brother of James and knew Jesus.  Either way, his pedigree is good.

One argument against Enoch concerning the Jude quotation is whether Jude thought that Enoch was a valid book or not. Even Paul was known to quote heretics to make a point.  So was Jude just using a familiar reference to make a point, or did he believe Enoch to be a legitimate work?

Also, to answer that very argument – namely that Paul even quoted heretics to make a point – the people he wrote to would know the nature of whom he cited. They would understand what the reference was.

The same goes for Jude quoting Enoch. People would know the book.  Furthermore, comparing quoting known heresies to quoting a work which is not labelled “heretical” is an Apples & Oranges comparison.

The Wikipedia article again gives us a fairly even-handed analysis:

Under the heading of canonicity, it is not enough to merely demonstrate that something is quoted. Instead, it is necessary to demonstrate the nature of the quotation.[16] In the case of the Jude 1:14 quotation of 1 Enoch 1:9, it would be difficult to argue that Jude does not quote Enoch as an historical prophet since he cites Enoch by name. However, there remains a question as to whether the author of Jude attributed the quotation believing the source to be the historical Enoch before the flood or a midrash of Deut 33:2–3.[17][18][19] The Greek text might seem unusual in stating that “Enoch the Seventh from Adam” prophesied “to” (dative case) not “of” (genitive case) the men, however, this might indicate the Greek meaning “against them” – the dative τούτοις as a dativus incommodi (dative of disadvantage).[20][improper synthesis?]

The short discussion of the Greek translation can help indicate whether or not Enoch wrote the book. If the correct translation is “to,” this indicates the perspective of a primary or original account.  Enoch would be the assumed author.  Again, if “against them” is correct, that points even more strongly to the primary source and Enoch as the legitimate author.

If it cannot be considered canon, that still does not mean that it isn’t the true work of Enoch himself and without value.

The works of Martin Luther, C.S. Lewis and C.F.W. Walther, for example, are certainly not canon, but they are foundational to the Lutheran Church in expounding on the Bible as the authoritative Word of God.

dead-sea-scrollAnother argument in favor of the value of the Book of Enoch is that it was found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Copying texts was a time-consuming exercise with strict checks and balances to ensure accuracy.  Enoch and the other scrolls were not copied on a Xerox machine.  A lot of sweat went into them, attesting to their value.

One other knock against Enoch is that it definitely pegs the Weirdness Meter. I won’t dispute that, because it does.  But if that’s your benchmark for canonicity, your argument is invalid.  I give you exhibits A and B; Daniel and Revelation, respectively.  Game, set and match.

Genesis 6 – Series Introduction

NephilimNow it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves of all whom they chose. And the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not strive[a] with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.” There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.   Genesis 6:1-2

Well, this is where it gets interesting on so many levels. The Flood and everything leading up to it are pivotal events in the Bible. It’s important that we study and dig and do our best to comprehend what we’re told in these few verses, because it is all earth-shattering.

For one thing, Jesus told His disciples – and us – in Matthew 24 that we should watch, lest even the elect be deceived in the end times. He also warns that the end times will be marked by events such as happened before the Flood:

37 But as the days of Noah were, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 38 For as in the days before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, 39 and did not know until the flood came and took them all away, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be… 42 Watch therefore, for you do not know what hour[f] your Lord is coming.   Matthew 24:37-39 & 42

We need to study Scripture AND we need to study our world so we can see the signs that Jesus predicted when answering the disciples’ questions about the end times. We also need to know about the prophecies in Daniel and Revelation. While these books are very hard to decipher without an extremely comprehensive knowledge of ancient history, it is possible with good resources.

We should also know the prophecies of Revelation, even if we don’t understand them now. How else will we recognize them when the happen?

adamevesufferingIt all started with God’s proclamation of judgment at The Fall, and the ball really started rolling in Genesis 6.

Let’s start with a quick look at the chronology we can easily compute from Genesis.

Adam lived to the year 930 CP, what I decided to call Creation Plus. A lot happened in that almost 1000 years. Enoch was born 622 CP. He was a big deal for several reason, not the least of which was that he actually walked with God and never died. He was “taken up” by God at the age of 365 in the year 987 CP. His two greatest legacies that we are familiar with are his son, Methuselah, who is the longest-lived human of all, finally seeing death at 969 years of age. His most famous descendent is his great grandson, Noah, born in 1056 CP.

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056Enoch is also the reputed author of The Book of Enoch. While not canon, I look at it as an historical source. Why do I attribute any validity to it? Jesus’ brother, Jude, refers to it once and quotes in once in his New Testament letter, which obviously is canon.  Also, the oldest extant copy we have was found with the Dead Sea Scrolls. If the people who copied all of those scrolls included The Book of Enoch, they must have placed a lot of value in it. You couldn’t just go to Office Max and by some paper for your Xerox copier in those days. Time and resources were limited, and they considered The Book of Enoch worth the trouble.

I’ve read through it at least twice, and I don’t find it to contain any contradictions with canonical scriptures. It expands upon the brief mentions of pre-flood events that only get a few verses in Genesis 6. I also think there are plenty of corroborating pieces of information in other Old Testament writings, archeology, and world history – western and non-western.

That’s enough for now.

Next: The sons of God and Satan’s seed

Cain and Abel

cain-murdered-abelAnd the Lord respected Abel and his offering, but He did not respect Cain and his offering. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell.

So the Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry? And why has your countenance fallen? If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin lies at the door. And its desire is for you, but you should rule over it.”

Now Cain talked with Abel his brother;[a] and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him.    Genesis 4:4-8

So much to cover with this story! First, both brothers brought the first-fruits of their produce as offerings to God. Cain’s offering was not respected by God, making him angry. As God teaches later in the Bible, it’s about attitude, about having one’s heart in making an offering. Cain didn’t get it, because he was too focused on himself. In self-absorbed anger (is there any other kind?) he killed Abel.

Remember, this is the very beginning of humanity. They are naïve – not stupid – about so many things. That would, I think, include killing. Abel might have known, if his flocks were used for meat. He also killed them as an offering to God. Perhaps it was not too hard to apply that knowledge to killing people. Cain had likely seen Abel do this.

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056We also know that one of the fallen Watchers who tempted Eve also taught mankind “the blows of death” as told in Enoch:

“The third was named G*****L; he it is who showed the children of men all the blows of death, and he led astray Eve, and showed (the weapons of death to the sons of men) the shield and the coat of mail, and the sword for battle, and all the weapons of death to the sons of men.” Enoch 69:6-7a

God condemns Cain to The Land of Nod. Translations show that this is not really a definite place, but that Cain was condemned to a land of wandering. It’s more of a condition, if you will. He complains to God that his condemnation is too much to bear and that whoever finds him will kill him.

That makes perfect sense as there were not that many people around at that time, and they were all very closely related, all being direct family of Adam and Eve. As soon as someone learned that Cain killed Abel, be he brother, uncle, or whatever, revenge would certainly happen. God marked Cain as being “hands-off.”

Scopes TrialThe other part of this that people have a hard time with is that Cain found a wife in The Land of Nod. To borrow a derisive line from the Scope’s “Monkey Trial” over evolution, “Did someone pull off another creation over in the next county?”

Of course not! She was very likely Cain’s sister or niece at the most removed. Skipping all of the cousin-marrying jokes, we know that today that sort of thing just doesn’t work! At least not if we like normal IQ and digit numbers!

The rules were different then, and I mean the biological rules just as much as the social rules. Adam and Eve were perfect. That includes their DNA. Because of sin, more and more defects wormed their way into creation over time, including DNA. But at this early stage of the game, everything would have still been pretty good. There would have been no risk of faulty off-spring from so-called “inbreeding.” After all, they didn’t have much choice at that stage of things.

Even Noah was a pretty long-lived guy! He was 600 years old at the time of the Flood and lived till the ripe old age of 950, about 2000 years after creation! Everyone was still pretty healthy, still apparently with plenty of good DNA.

It’s been about another 4000 since the Flood, and living to 100 is a pretty rare thing. Faulty DNA is not! There’s plenty of that all around us! THAT is why marrying close relatives is a bad idea. The closer the familial relationship, the more likely a couple of defective DNA traits will combine and manifest in the offspring.

Still, recall that Abraham married his half-sister, and his first mention comes 365 years after the Flood. We don’t know how old he was when he died, but the available time clues indicate he might have made it to 200, but not much more, if any! His death came 465 years after the Flood, 2121 years after creation.

Some of the theories for increasingly defective DNA and humanity’s general decline include greater exposure to ultraviolet light and cosmic radiation without a protective pre-flood cloud cover. Whatever defective DNA was already in play was concentrated in the small group of Flood survivors. While we have only theories as to cause, we know that life spans decreased rapidly after the Flood.

For a more detailed discussion about Cain, his wife, and DNA, get The New Answers Book 1 by Ken Ham at The Creation Museum Online Bookstore.


The Fall

Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?”   Genesis 3:1

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056There’s a lot going on in Genesis 3 with Adam and Eve giving in to temptation and falling from God. I want to draw on The Book of Enoch. I realize it is not canon, but I don’t think that necessarily disqualifies it from being an important historical resource. I have read it at least twice, and I haven’t found it to contradict anything in the Old Testament. It adds a great deal of detail to things only mentioned in passing in Genesis, which I personally find enlightening.

I wrote a six part series on Enoch. Here is the link to the first in the series, if you wish to take a look. The first two parts deal with the canonicity question. Connecting the Dots; The Book of Enoch, Part 1.

One thing I will mention in its favor is that the earliest known copy of it was part of the Dead Sea Scrolls discovery. Copying manuscripts was not a simple thing, and the fact that the same folks who felt the need to make copies of canonical books also deemed Enoch worthy of inclusion says something. Also, James the brother of Jesus referred to it once and quoted it directly once in his letter, which is part of New Testament canon.

The Fall. Moses tells us in Genesis that Eve was tempted by the serpent. Enoch expands on this when he lists the names of the fallen angels of The Watchers, including the one who led Eve astray.

“The third was named G*****L; he it is who showed the children of men all the blows of death, and he led astray Eve, and showed (the weapons of death to the sons of men) the shield and the coat of mail, and the sword for battle, and all the weapons of death to the sons of men.” Enoch 69:6-7a

Although Enoch lists names of the various fallen Watchers, I personally am not comfortable with typing them out. Call me crazy.

Eve and The_SerpentI find it significant that G is listed not only as the one who tempted Eve, but also as the one who taught men to kill each other. Remember that Cain committed the first murder in recorded history for killing his brother, Abel. G is a killer of humanity, both spiritually and physically.

He, of course, was doing Satan’s bidding, so Satan is who is ultimately held to account by God. The commentary of the Geneva Study Bible for verse 15 in which God predicts that Satan’s head will be crushed reads, “He chiefly means Satan, by whose action and deceit the serpent deceived the woman.”

Satan is held accountable along with any being who did his bidding. The snake, for example, was condemned to crawl on its belly, eating the dust of the earth. Note that God declares separate punishments for Satan and the serpent, indicating they are two different entities. This can lend credence to the idea that it was a fallen Watcher, G – a separate entity – who conducted the encounter with Eve in Satan’s stead.

Let’s look at verse 15: “And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel.”

This verse is so familiar to us that I’ll bet you’re missing the same thing I missed until quite recently when it was pointed out to me. We know who Eve’s Seed is; Jesus. The question I never wondered about is just who is Satan’s seed? That question is about everything that would need to happen in between God’s proclamation and its fulfillment.

I’ll get into just who Satan’s seed is and the implications in human history since that fateful day when I get to Genesis 6.  Until then…

Next: Cain & Abel

Water, Water Everywhere…

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.”   Genesis 1:1-2

We’ve got water. All over the place. We’ve got water in the sky. We’ve got water underground. We’ve got water on the land in rivers and lakes. And we’ve got oceans. Oh my, but we have oceans! The oceans are so huge and filled with so much water, we made it to the moon before we made it to their floors.

From a recent news article: “’When we look into the origins of water on Earth, what we’re really asking is, why are we so different than all the other planets?’ Wendy Panero, associate professor of earth sciences at Ohio State said. In this solar system, Earth is unique because we have liquid water on the surface. We’re also the only planet with active plate tectonics.’”

Why are we so different? Check Genesis 1. God decided to do it that way. Professor Panero and other geologists have theories that maybe all of that water came from icy comets crashing here and delivering their water to us in the process.

Think about that for just a moment. That’s got to be one big load o’ comets to deliver that much water. Countless, icy, water-filled comets just smacking into earth until we have enough to cover two thirds of it. Or maybe just a few really big ones, maybe? Nah, probably not. Anything that big would’ve smashed earth to smithereens. So back to bunches of comets. Those countless comets only hit…the earth? With the entire solar system at their disposal, that many comets missed every other object around Sol and plopped into earth.

Professor Panero might be a trained geologist, but she might want to visit the math department and talk to someone versed in probability equations.

No! Wait a minute! Geologists have just come up with a different answer:

“It has been a longstanding mystery for scientists – how water arrived on Earth. Now, researchers say they may have an answer – it was here all along… The new theory, backed up by seismic data, suggest that water is stored in the transition zone of Earth’s mantle.”

Their explanation is rather convoluted, as is usually the case when scientists try to make things up to fit a theory instead of reading their bibles. It has to do with the ability of deep earth rocks that can contain large amounts of hydrogen, which can then mix with oxygen also contained in other rocks because of the circulation of the tectonic plates and the incredible pressures that mash them together thousands of miles deep in the earth and is then brought to the surface by those same plate tectonics, thereby making the oceans we know and love today.

See what I mean? Convoluted. I got another theory, though:

“In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, on the seventeenth day of the second month—on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened.”   Genesis 7:11.

It sounds to me like it happened a little faster than plate tectonics.

But I do have to give them credit. They really are on the right track. Water under the earth. Lots of it. Enough to help make The Flood. There’s probably a bunch left over from that too. Who knows? I suppose they might be on the right track with the whole thing about hydrogen and oxygen mixing at great depth to form water. It’s possible. Either way, they’d be a lot further along in their geologic studies, if they’d just started out with the authoritative history of the earth. God’s Word.

Read the entire article for yourself: