During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worship the Lord as you have requested. 32 Take your flocks and herds, as you have said, and go. And also bless me.” 33 The Egyptians urged the people to hurry and leave the country. “For otherwise,” they said, “we will all die!” 34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs wrapped in clothing. 35 The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for clothing. 36 The Lord had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians. Exodus 12:31-36
Let’s take a quick trip back to Joseph and the great famine he saved Egypt from. Egypt was not yet the great country it would become. Thanks to Joseph’s management, courtesy of God, people from the entire region came to Egypt to buy grain. Business was booming! Egypt didn’t just survive the famine; they made out like bandits! When money ran out, people gave over their land to the Egyptian government, which increased their wealth exponentially.
This is what turned Egypt from being an also-ran country to the regional superpower! There were even more building projects as well as a military buildup; a standing army, spears, metal-works, bows and arrows, and even the “tank” of their day – the chariot.
Egypt had become the USA of the ancient Middle East. Then they got hit with these plagues. The land was completely ravaged of crops by way of the hail and then locust swarms consuming what was left. People likely died from the Nile turned to blood, boils, frog carcasses, and especially mosquitos! Think about it for a moment; mosquitos are the deadliest creature of the entire animal kingdom spreading more death by disease than anything else in nature.
Finally, the first born of every Egyptian citizen and their entire livestock died overnight, absolutely devastating the population and especially the government! Rule of law would have fallen by the wayside as panic ensued!
If something like that happened to the USA, you’d expect someone might notice and write about it!
In The Exodus Case, Dr. Lennart Moller correctly notes that the first order of business for the country was survival. There was no CNN, and people were too busy staying alive to keep diary entries.
A man named Ipuwer wrote a poem lamenting the destruction of his country – Egypt. It is called The Admonitions of Ipuwer, part of a larger and incomplete literary work. From Wikipedia:
Ipuwer – a name typical of the period 1850-1450 BCE – complains that the world has been turned upside-down: a woman who had not a single box now has furniture, a girl who looked at her face in the water now owns a mirror, while the once-rich man is now in rags. He demands that the Lord of All (a title which can be applied both to the king and to the creator sun-god) should destroy his enemies and remember his religious duties. This is followed by a violent description of disorder: there is no longer any respect for the law and even the king’s burial inside the pyramid has been desecrated. The story continues with the description of better days until it abruptly ends due to the missing final part of the papyrus.
The Ipuwer Papyrus, as it is now known, was discovered in the early 1800’s and taken to the Leiden Museum of Holland. A.H. Gardener was able to translate in 1909.
Following is a table comparing the description Ipuwer wrote to the events related in Exodus. As you read through the comparisons, ask yourself the following:
How many coincidences does it take to make a connection? What are the odds that there should be so many parallels? As Dr. Moller asks in summary of his entire book, if this was presented in evidence for a court trial, what verdict would you give in The Exodus Case?
|IPUWER PAPYRUS – LEIDEN 344||TORAH – EXODUS|
|2:5-6 Plague is throughout the land. Blood is everywhere.
2:10 The river is blood.
2:10 Men shrink from tasting – human beings, and thirst after water
3:10-13 That is our water! That is our happiness! What shall we do in respect thereof? All is ruin.
|7:20 …all the waters of the river were turned to blood.
7:21 …there was blood thoughout all the land of Egypt …and the river stank.
7:24 And all the Egyptians dug around the river for water to drink; for they could not drink of the water of the river.
|2:10 Forsooth, gates, columns and walls are consumed by fire.
10:3-6 Lower Egypt weeps… The entire palace is without its revenues. To it belong [by right] wheat and barley, geese and fish
6:3 Forsooth, grain has perished on every side.
5:12 Forsooth, that has perished which was yesterday seen. The land is left over to its weariness like the cutting of flax.
|9:23-24 …and the fire ran along the ground… there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous.
9:25 …and the hail smote every herb of the field, and broke every tree of the field.
9:31-32 …and the flax and the barley was smitten; for the barley was in season, and flax was ripe.
But the wheat and the rye were not smitten; for they were not grown up.
10:15 …there remained no green things in the trees, or in the herbs of the fields, through all the land of Egypt.
|5:5 All animals, their hearts weep. Cattle moan…
9:2-3 Behold, cattle are left to stray, and there is none to gather them together.
|9:3 …the hand of the Lord is upon thy cattle which is in the field… and there shall be a very grievous sickness.
9:19 …gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field…
9:21 And he that did not fear the word of the Lord left his servants and cattle in the field.
|9:11 The land is without light||10:22 And there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt.|
|4:3 (5:6) Forsooth, the children of princes are dashed against the walls.
6:12 Forsooth, the children of princes are cast out in the streets.
6:3 The prison is ruined.
2:13 He who places his brother in the ground is everywhere.
3:14 It is groaning throughout the land, mingled with lamentations
|12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the Lord smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive that was in the prison.
12:30 …there was not a house where there was not one dead.
12:30 …there was a great cry in Egypt.
|7:1 Behold, the fire has mounted up on high. Its burning goes forth against the enemies of the land.||13:21 … by day in a pillar of cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night.|
|3:2 Gold and lapis lazuli, silver and malachite, carnelian and bronze… are fastened on the neck of female slaves.||12:35-36 …and they requested from the Egyptians, silver and gold articles and clothing. And God made the Egyptians favour them and they granted their request. [The Israelites] thus drained Egypt of its wealth.|
NEXT – Who died? Anyone we know?