Connecting the Dots; The Book of Enoch, Part 7

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056Be still… and know that I am God;    Psalm 46:10a

In Part Six I listed a few creatures associated with Greek mythology and the gods. Dionysus in particular had a retinue of human-animal hybrids.  Here are some of the other critters populating Greek Mythology:

  • Centaur  – Half-men, half-horse creatures that ran wild and unruly.
  • Cerberus  – The three-headed dog that guards the entrance to Hades.
  • Chimera  – Part-lion, part-goat, part-snake – all monster.
  • Gorgon


    Gorgon – The snake-haired and snake-bodied humanoid that was created in its mother’s image. Its stare could turn a person to stone. Medusa became one of these creatures in a later myth.

  • Griffin  – A creature with the body of a lion, the tail of a snake, and the head and wings of an eagle.
  • Medusa – A disciple of Athena who was turned into a gorgon.  She had the hair of snakes and could turn men to stone with her gaze.
  • Mermaids  – Sea creatures with the head and torso of a woman and the tail of a fish.
  • Minotaur


    Minotaur  – The creature with the head and legs of a bull and the torso of a man, who guarded the exit to The Labyrinth.

  • Pegasus – Technically the proper name of Bellerophon’s winged horse, which became the general name for winged horses.Satyr
  • Satyr – Half-men, half-goats who were wild and lustful.  The god Pan was one of these.
  • Sphinx – The half-human, half-lion that forces those it meets to answer its riddles, or die.
  • Unicorn  – A magical horse with a single horn on its forehead.

These are the more well-known of the human/animal hybrids that populated Greek mythology. I never considered that might have been real, because as we all know…well, knew…you can’t mix different species together.  That has changed in recent years.

Human beings have learned how to mix DNA from different species and create modern-day chimeras. It’s progressed far enough that laws regulating it have already been enacted in the US and Europe.  See Animal Human Cross Breeding from a year ago:

“Several states have already made it a felony to produce mixed species hybrids. It’s only a misdemeanor to simply have one you bought from…somewhere.  Probably England.  This sort of thing is legal across the pond.”

But that wasn’t the only eye-opener floating around in the news. In Human-Pig Hybrid?? just last January I wrote about how they continued to move along in human/animal hybrid research.  The goal is to grow a replacement human pancreas in a pig using stem cells.  Then they drop the bomb:


They let the human-pig embryo grow for a month, then remove and dissect it to see how things appear to be developing compared to plan.

Lead author of the research, Izpisua Belmonte, told Futurism: ‘This is long enough for us to try to understand how the human and pig cells mix together early on without raising ethical concerns about mature chimeric animals.’

Apparently, his ethics are about what it looks like, not what it is. This fits right in with the abortion mentality.  ‘It’s in the womb.  We can’t see it.  It’s an embryo, not a human being.’”Eva Young


To connect the dots, we as a race are playing around with something that is infinitely beyond our pay grade. This is no different from what the fallen Watchers were doing with humans and about anything else they could get their hands on.  They didn’t use modern technology, but they did it.  I refer you back to Part Four and 23 Minutes in Hell in which Bill Wiese relates how he saw a veritable horror show of creatures in his tour of hell.

The fallen Watchers didn’t have test tubes and gene sequencers, but they had the secrets of the universe to draw on and the ability, as spirits, take different physical forms. Here are a couple verses from Enoch to tell us about it.

Enoch 17:1-2a – And they took and brought me to a place in which those who were there were like flaming fire, 2and, when they wished, they appeared as men…

Enoch 19:1-3a – And Uriel said to me, “Here stand the angels who have connected themselves with women, and their spirits assuming many different forms are defiling mankind and shall lead them astray into sacrificing to demons as gods, (here they shall stand,) till the great day of judgment in 2which they shall be judged till they are made an end of.  And of the women also of the angels who 3went astray shall become sirens.”  And I, Enoch, alone saw the vision, the end of all things: and no man shall see as I have seen.

The fallen Watchers mated with women, producing the Nephilim. They also mated with other animals to produce, in all likelihood, several, if not most, of the mythological hybrids.

“…they began to sin against birds, and beasts, and reptiles, and fish…” Enoch 7:5b.

What does this mean for us? The conclusion is coming in Part Eight.

Connecting the Dots; The Book of Enoch, Part 6

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056For the Lord is great and greatly to be praised; He is also to be feared above all gods.    1 Chronicles 16:25

The Fallen Watchers in all likelihood set themselves up as gods and enemies of God.  They gave away secrets to men that were not meant for them.  The Greek gods also taught humanity different skills and knowledge.

Who are the gods of Greek myth? Let’s take a look:

  • Aphrodite, goddess of beauty, love, desire, & pleasure. Her Roman equal is Venus
  • Apollo, god of music, arts, healing, plague, prophecy, poetry, manly beauty, & archery. He is also known for being cruel and destructive, and his love affairs are rarely happy. Some late Roman and Greek mythography identifies him as a sun god. The Roman sun god was Sol; Helios in Greek.
  • Ares, god of war bloodshed, and violence. Romans identified him as Mars.
  • Artmis


    Artemis, goddess of the hunt and patron of Athens, which was named for her. Her Roman identity was Minerva.

  • Demeter, goddess of grain, agriculture, harvest, growth, & nourishment. She controls the life cycle of plants. Her Roman equal is Ceres.
  • Dionysus, god of wine, madness, chaos, drunkenness, & ecstasy. He is often associated with satyrs (human/goat hybrids), maenads (literally, “raving ones,” his female followers ), and his tutor Sileus.
  • Hades, god of the dead, the underworld. Cerberus was his three-headed dog. To the Romans he was Pluto.
  • Hephaestus, god of fire, metalworking, & crafts. Although seen as using fire to create, his Roman identity was feared as a destroyer, associated with volcanos.
  • hera_vatican-museum


    Hera, queen of the gods, goddess of marriage. Also of jealousy and vengeance due to Zeus’ many infidelities. Known as Juno in Rome.

  • Hermes, god of boundaries and communication; language & writing. Messenger of the gods. Mercury in Roman folklore.
  • Hestia, goddess of hearth, home & chastity. Very scarce in Greek mythology. The Romans called her Vesta.
  • Poseidon, god of seas and rivers, floods and earthquakes. Neptune to the Romans.
  • Zeus, king of the gods, god of sky and weather, thunder, lightning, and justice. His Roman equal is Jupiter, sometimes called Jove.

Here, according to Enoch, are some of the fallen Watchers and the secrets they gave up to humanity:

  • Azazel taught men metalworking for weapons. He taught them about all of the metals of the earth and how to work them into bracelets, and ornaments. He also showed men precious stones and all of the pigments for colors. This brought about much sinning and fornication as mankind was led astray.
  • Semjaza taught enchantments and cutting of roots.
  • Armaros taught the resolving of enchantments.
  • Naraqijal, astrology
  • Kokabel, the constellations
  • Ezeqeel, knowledge of the clouds
  • Araqiel taught the signs of the earth.
  • Shamsiel taught signs of the sun.
  • Sariel revealed the course of the moon

These were secrets that were not meant for mankind. Metalworking, for example, provided man with the means to make weapons.  In announcing God’s judgment against the fallen Watchers, Enoch conveys the evil which they have brought into the world:

Enoch 16:3 – “You have been in heaven, but all the mysteries had not yet been revealed to you, and you knew worthless ones, and these in the hardness of your hearts you have made known to the women, and through these mysteries women and men work much evil on earth.”

Enoch records that another Watcher “…showed the children of men all the blows of death, and he led astray Eve, and showed (the weapons of death to the sons of men)…” This may be how Cain learned to kill Abel.

One other fallen Watcher that stood out to me is Kasdeja: “This is he who showed the children of men all the wicked smiting of spirits and demons, and the smiting of the embryo in the womb, that it may pass away…”

Working precious metals and learning pigments for adornment also gave rise to vanity and lust, when our only concern was to be pleasing to God, not seducing others.wisdom bible verse wallpaper

Reproofs of instruction are the way of life, 24 To keep you from the evil woman, From the flattering tongue of a seductress. 25 Do not lust after her beauty in your heart, Nor let her allure you with her eyelids. 26 For by means of a harlot A man is reduced to a crust of bread; And an adulteress[c] will prey upon his precious life.    Proverbs 6:23b-26

Astrology and enchantments, are obviously types of sorcery.

Also he (Manasseh) caused his sons to pass through the fire in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom; he practiced soothsaying, used witchcraft and sorcery, and consulted mediums and spiritists. He did much evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke Him to anger.    2 Chronicles 33:6

The fallen Watchers wrought much destruction on humanity and the earth as a whole from taking human women and producing the Nephilim to opening the secrets of arts not meant for man.

I wrote about the fact that God found it necessary to destroy all flesh in Part Four and told you we’re getting close to an answer for that in Part Five.  That’s next in Part Seven.

Connecting the Dots; The Book of Enoch, Part 5

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056Now I know that the Lord is greater than all the gods; for in the very thing in which they behaved proudly, He was above them.    Exodus 18:11

The “false gods” of the bible and “all gods” that Yahweh was above are something to ask about. Just who were they?

I have always taken this to mean the graven images that were worshipped by other tribes. I never thought the “other gods” were real.  I was apparently mistaken.

MolechFor one thing, look at the above passage from Exodus. Graven images, carved wood, sculpted stone, and molded metals don’t behave.  They just sit there.  And they are not “they.”  They are “its.”  As in, “It is a piece of wood shaped like something other than a piece of wood.”

Exodus 18:11, however, speaks of the other gods behaving proudly.  There were indeed other gods, and they were not looking out for humanity’s best interests, only their own.

“And the angles, the children of heaven, saw and lusted after (women), and said to one another: ‘Come, let us choose wives from among the children of men and beget us children.’ And Semjaza, who was their leader, said unto them, “I fear ye will not indeed agree to do this deed, and I alone shall have to pay the penalty of a great sin.’  And they answered him and said: ‘Let us all swear an oath and bind ourselves by mutual imprecations not to abandon this plan, but do this thing.’  The sware they all together and bound themselves by mutual imprecations upon it.  And they were in all two hundred; who descended in the days of Jared on the summit of Mt. Hermon, and they called it Mt. Hermon, because they had sworn and bound themselves by mutual imprecations upon it.”    Enoch 6:2-7a

They knew they were planning evil, but in a mix of pride and cowardice, they bound themselves together in this enterprise, bolstering each other against the fear of punishment.

It is interesting to note that Mt. Hermon has a history of being a place of oaths in more than one telling. From Wikipedia:

Mt Hermon Temple

Temple of Mount Hermon Faqra altar

There is a sacred building made of hewn blocks of stone on the summit of Mount Hermon. Known as Qasr Antar, it is the highest temple of the ancient world and was documented by Sir Charles Warren in 1869. An inscription on a limestone stele recovered by Warren from Qasr Antar was translated by George Nickelsburg to read “According to the command of the greatest a (nd) Holy God, those who take an oath (proceed) from here.” Nickelsburg connected the inscription with oath taken by the angels under Semjaza who took an oath together, bound by a curse in order to take wives in the Book of Enoch (1 Enoch 6:6). Hermon was said to have become known as “the mountain of oath” by Charles Simon Clermont-Ganneau.


So we have a class of angels called Watchers (also mentioned in Daniel) who rebel.

My question at this point is whether they could have set themselves up as gods. Indeed, the Greek gods were known for taking earthly women for their own pleasures just as the Watchers in Enoch.  One famous example is the story of Apollo and Daphne.

apollo_daphne_xir152471_hiApollo is taken by her beauty and means to rape her. As she flees, she calls to her father, the river god Peneus, to save her by transforming her body.  This he grants, changing her into a tree.  Bernini’s breath-taking sculpture of this rests in the Borghese museum in Rome, which I was fortunate to see once.

So are there any dots to connect regarding the Watchers and the Greek gods? Obviously, there is the connection to taking women to satisfy their lust.

But what else, if anything? Perhaps the gifts of the gods?  Maybe even one of them being named in the New Testament as a real being?

Come back for Part Six!

Connecting the Dots; The Book of Enoch, Part 4

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, And you shall bruise His heel.   Genesis 3:15

We know the fallen angels lusted after human women. This also fits into Satan’s plan of battle with God.  Remember that God had a little chit-chat with Adam, Eve, and the Serpent.  God makes two critical statements in setting the course of history and His plan of salvation.  He refers to Eve’s seed and Satan’s seed.

eveandserpentWe know that, ultimately, Eve’s seed is Jesus, but that includes everyone in between too, right? Here’s the real question.  Who is Satan’s seed?  There are several possibilities, none of which are necessarily mutually exclusive.

The Anti-Christ of Revelation is often referred to as the son of Satan. Whether that’s a literal description or an honorary title of sorts is open to guesses.  No one has been able to find him yet let alone define his parentage.  Still, it’s possible.

I pose the question of whether the Nephilim might be considered the seed of Satan. Recall that they are the offspring of fallen angels and human women.  They certainly play into Satan’s plans to attempt to thwart God’s redemption plan.  Satan’s seed and Eve’s seed have contended ever since, starting most notably when the Israelites entered the Promised Land after 40 years in the wilderness.  Given also that Satan and his minions hate humanity as much as God loves them, anything they can do to see us damned or at least suffering here on earth is nothing if not gravy for them.

That being gravy, what’s the underlying purpose for Satan? If he corrupts the entire human stock, there will be no pure humans to produce a sinless Christ, both God and man.  Christ had to be the new Adam, so he had to be of Adam’s human stock.  Hence the proscription to the Children of Israel not to inter-marry with the current inhabitants of the Promised Land.

What was the purpose in getting into every species on earth? I can’t help quoting Alfred from the Batman trilogy: “Some people just want to watch the world burn.”  That seems to go double or more for demons.

Remember that God decided to use The Flood to destroy “all flesh.” Not just humanity, but all living things.  Why all life?

An answer to this question lies both in The Book of Enoch and a modern book, 23 Minutes in Hell by Bill Wiese.  This is the story of the author’s trip to hell, courtesy of God.  God prefers using carrots in bringing humanity to salvation, but He’s not above using a stick.  Remember all of the choices He gave the Israelites in the wilderness; “I set before you today a blessing and a curse.”

The message to Wiese was that God wants to re-introduce humanity to the stick of hell. What better way to do that than to take someone there, filter the pain so as not to destroy him, and then have him tell his story.  And, by the way, there is a whole community of people he discovered who have had the same experience.

The critical part of 23 Minutes in Hell for the purposes of this article is his description of rising through a large shaft, leading away from hell.  He saw demons of every shape and size, from insects to giants:

Demons…I noticed that I was standing in the middle of a cave. The wall wrapped around me and led to the vast expanse of the pit.  As I looked at the walls, I saw that they were covered with thousands of hideous creatures.  These demonic creatures were all sizes and shapes.  Some of them had four legs and were the size of bears.  Other stood upright and were about the size of gorillas.  They were all terribly grotesque and disfigured.  It looked as though their flesh had been decomposing and all their limbs were twisted out of proportion.  Some displayed immense, long arms or abnormally large feet.  They seemed to me to be the living dead.  There were also gigantic rats and huge spiders at least three feet wide and two or three feet high.  I also saw snakes and worms, ranging from small to enormously large.

Enoch notes how the giants also sinned against all flesh, not just humanity. It looks as though they sired off-spring in just about every corner of the animal kingdom.  While not stating such explicitly, Enoch writes that  “…they began to sin against birds, and beasts, and reptiles, and fish…” Enoch 7:5b.

First, why would God feel the need to destroy “all flesh?” Second, Where did that whole spectrum of creatures come from in 23 Minutes in Hell?  The answer to both question is one in the same, and we’re getting closer to that answer.

Next – When the Bible talks about God being revered “above all gods,” just whom were they talking about?

Connecting the Dots; The Book of Enoch, Part 3

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.   Genesis 6:4

This brings me back to a theme I’ve sounded before; The Olivet Discourse, otherwise known as Matthew 24. Jesus did not say that all they needed to know was that they were saved when the disciples asked Jesus about the future and end times.  He gave them a Cliff Notes version of Revelation.  He warned them – and us – that the last days will be like those in Noah’s time before The Flood.

Fortunately, we can see just what was happening at that time in Genesis 6. It gives us the broad brushstrokes of what those days were like.  The Book of Enoch gives us a great deal of detail.  I believe it is an authentic work even though many doubt that.


“There were giants in the earth…”


First, it brings detail to the beginnings of the Nephilim and names the angels that decided to sin against God. Enoch describes the immense size of the Nephilim, the fact that humans fed them, and that the Nephilim started eating them and each other when supplies ran out.  They became cannibals.

And when men could no longer sustain them, the giants turned against 5them and devoured mankind.    Enoch 7: 4b-5a

Now here is an extra-Biblical dot to connect. Giant skeletons have been found in abundance in North America as well as around the world.  Most of these stay within the twenty foot height, but there are some outliers stretching much taller than that.

Along with this is the oral history of the North American Indians which tells of a giant race of cannibals who came from the west. Their history says that they arrived about 2500 years before Columbus or about 1000 BC.  These giants were extremely violent and cannibalistic.  What is also interesting is that Indians describe them as having six fingers and toes and double rows of teeth.  This matches perfectly with the archeological record of skeletons that have been found here and around the world.  It also matches the descriptions of the giants in Canaan, specifically King Og and Goliath’s brothers.  See the following excerpts from articles about a few of these finds.

After a time, and having endured the outrages of these giants, it is said that the people banded together, and through the final force of about 800 warriors, successfully annihilated all of the abhorrent Ronnongwetowanca people. After that, it was said that there were no giants anywhere. This was supposed to have happened around 2,500 winters before Columbus discovered America, i.e. around 1000 B.C.E.-the time that the Adena seem to have arrive in the Ohio Valley.   (2000 Ross Hamilton, Computer Images ©2000 Patricia Mason.  All rights reserved.)

And –

Giant Skeleton…these skeletons had heights which ranged from 7.6 feet up to 10 feet and the skulls were much bigger than the heads of any type of person who lived inside America today. The story also said the skulls had double rows of teeth, six toes on each foot and six fingers on each hand… In 2002, National Geographic did a report on 12 skeletons that were supposedly discovered in Greece. They were measured at heights between 12 to 15 feet tall. (From Giant Human Skeletons Discovered in Wisconsin?  By Kimberly Ruble on February 4, 2014)

Another find just south of Lake Erie in northern Ohio:

Later, in 1878, another discovery in the county of Ashtabula County, Ohio. Mounds were excavated on land belonging to Peleg Sweet, a man of large features. In the first mound, they unearthed a skull and jaw which were of such size that the skull would cover Sweet’s head and the jaw could be easily slipped over his face. Excavating further, they discovered these mounds contained the graves estimated between two and three thousand. Many of the skeletons found were of gigantic proportions.   (From Giants of Ohio and the Mound Builders by Mary Sutherland, author of Living in the Light)

Finally –

During the past few years a huge controversy has emerged accusing the Smithsonian (and a host of skeptics and archaeologists) of covering up the discovery of hundreds of giant skeletons from Native American Indian mounds. Jim Vieira is one of the key people who began uncovering hundreds of newspaper accounts of giant skeletons after he became intrigued by his visits to stone chambers found primarily in northeastern states. To date, Vieira has pulled together about 1,500 accounts from newspapers and books published in the 1800s and early 1900s. The newspaper stories relate that the skeletons ranged in size from 7 feet to well over 18 feet in length. (From The truth about giant skeletons in American Indian mounds, and the Smithsonian cover-up)

Another interesting tidbit is that of the stereotypical Indian greeting.  We’ve all seen it; right hand raised and a solemn “How!” resonates from the Indian.

Indian Hand Greeting

“How” Many Fingers?

We were always told that this greeting showed a stranger that they were unarmed and not a danger. That sounded good until I started learning about the giants in North America.  This interpretation holds no water.  Indians always carried a weapon of some sort, whether a knife as a tool to a tomahawk or bow and arrow.  Any of these could be worn at the waist or slung over a shoulder, so an empty hand means nothing.


The giants were not always freakishly tall, but they were all very violent and cannibalistic.   The one way an Indian could show someone that he was not one of THOSE guys, was to show that he had only five fingers.


So there are a couple dots connected for you.

Coming up; just how carried away did the fallen angels get in ruining humans and the earth?

Connecting the Dots; The Book of Enoch, Part 2

Enoch-Sakach-Ph-D-9780934917056Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men also, saying, “Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints, 15 to execute judgment on all, to convict all who are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have committed in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.    Jude 14-15

When were the Old and New Testament canons fixed? An extensively foot-noted Wikipedia article tells us:

“There is no scholarly consensus as to when the Hebrew Bible canon (Old Testament) was fixed: some scholars argue that it was fixed by the Hasmonean dynasty (140–40 BCE),[5] while others argue it was not fixed until the second century CE or even later.[6] The Catholic Pontifical Biblical Commission says that “the more restricted Hebrew canon is later than the formation of the New Testament” (which was pretty well settled in Late Antiquity, defined as about any time from the 3rd to the 9th century).

In other words, the spread on when the OT canon was fixed is about 1000 years. If truly written by Enoch, his book predates the earliest estimated fixed canon by 6000 years.

One group of arguments says that Enoch uses material from, for example, the Torah. That’s a chicken or the egg argument.  Who’s to say the Torah didn’t borrow from Enoch since we have no original manuscripts to date?

Another argument Jews had used against it was that it describes how angels sinned. They could not fathom that happening, as Trypho the Jew indicated – rather strongly – in his debate with Justin Martyr.  Again from Wikipedia:

“The utterances of God are holy, but your expositions are mere contrivances, as is plain from what has been explained by you; nay, even blasphemies, for you assert that angels sinned and revolted from God.” (Dialogue 79)

This one confuses me, because Genesis 6 tells the same story, albeit with nowhere near the detail of Enoch. Yet there seemed to be no problem with Genesis.

The 140 B.C. date of the earliest possible fix of the OT canon is also within as little as 10 years, maybe a century, of the estimated date of the writing of the Dead Sea Scrolls themselves, which include The Book of Enoch. This is the earliest physical document we have for it, so dating the actual composing of the original manuscript is nigh on to impossible.

Enoch is quoted by a canonical book, Jude.  Jude was the brother of James the Just, who was the reported brother of Jesus.  Even if not blood related to Jesus, he was the brother of James and knew Jesus.  Either way, his pedigree is good.

One argument against Enoch concerning the Jude quotation is whether Jude thought that Enoch was a valid book or not. Even Paul was known to quote heretics to make a point.  So was Jude just using a familiar reference to make a point, or did he believe Enoch to be a legitimate work?

Also, to answer that very argument – namely that Paul even quoted heretics to make a point – the people he wrote to would know the nature of whom he cited. They would understand what the reference was.

The same goes for Jude quoting Enoch. People would know the book.  Furthermore, comparing quoting known heresies to quoting a work which is not labelled “heretical” is an Apples & Oranges comparison.

The Wikipedia article again gives us a fairly even-handed analysis:

Under the heading of canonicity, it is not enough to merely demonstrate that something is quoted. Instead, it is necessary to demonstrate the nature of the quotation.[16] In the case of the Jude 1:14 quotation of 1 Enoch 1:9, it would be difficult to argue that Jude does not quote Enoch as an historical prophet since he cites Enoch by name. However, there remains a question as to whether the author of Jude attributed the quotation believing the source to be the historical Enoch before the flood or a midrash of Deut 33:2–3.[17][18][19] The Greek text might seem unusual in stating that “Enoch the Seventh from Adam” prophesied “to” (dative case) not “of” (genitive case) the men, however, this might indicate the Greek meaning “against them” – the dative τούτοις as a dativus incommodi (dative of disadvantage).[20][improper synthesis?]

The short discussion of the Greek translation can help indicate whether or not Enoch wrote the book. If the correct translation is “to,” this indicates the perspective of a primary or original account.  Enoch would be the assumed author.  Again, if “against them” is correct, that points even more strongly to the primary source and Enoch as the legitimate author.

If it cannot be considered canon, that still does not mean that it isn’t the true work of Enoch himself and without value.

The works of Martin Luther, C.S. Lewis and C.F.W. Walther, for example, are certainly not canon, but they are foundational to the Lutheran Church in expounding on the Bible as the authoritative Word of God.martin_lutherCFWWaltherCS Lewis

Another argument in favor of the value of the Book of Enoch is that it was found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Copying texts was a time-consuming exercise with strict checks and balances to ensure accuracy.  Enoch and the other scrolls were not copied on a Xerox machine.  A lot of sweat went into them, attesting to their value.

One other knock against Enoch is that it definitely pegs the Weirdness Meter. I won’t dispute that, because it does.  But if that’s your benchmark for canonicity, your argument is invalid.  I give you exhibits A and B; Daniel and Revelation, respectively.  Game, set and match.

Next – Why we should care; connecting the dots.

Connecting the Dots; The Book of Enoch, Part 1


21 Enoch lived sixty-five years, and begot Methuselah. 22 After he begot Methuselah, Enoch walked with God three hundred years, and had sons and daughters. 23 So all the days of Enoch were three hundred and sixty-five years. 24 And Enoch walked with God; and he was not, for God took him.    Genesis 5:21-24

A social scientist did an experiment with a troupe of monkeys. They had a great enclosure, plenty to play on, lots to eat; a very nice environment.  And there was always a fresh bunch of bananas hanging from the top with an easy way up to get them.

But someone was always standing by to hose down anyone who tried to get those bananas. And the rest just for good measure.  They ended up policing themselves and eventually gave up on the bananas.

Then they would replace a couple monkeys with ones that had no idea of the hose. Well, just as soon as they made a run for the bananas out came the hose, and the experienced monkeys would proceed to beat on the new monkeys for getting them all hosed down.

This kept up until two things happened; first, the hose became unnecessary, as the troupe policed itself.  Second, they would still beat the poop out of any new monkey who tried for the bananas even though none of them had EVER been hosed down.  Why?

Well, heck…I don’t know. That’s just the way we’ve always done it around here.

True story? I don’t know, but you get the point.  Inertia is not necessarily a good argument for something.

Which brings me to the validity of The Book of Enoch. It is by and large considered to be Biblically non-canonical.  In other words, it is not considered to be the inspired Word of God.  Most doubt that it was even written by Enoch.  But “…not all. Only the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and the Eritrean Orthodox Church consider it to be Biblical canon. Inertia seems to me to be the main reason why it is not given much respect in the library of sacred texts.

And who was Enoch? Using the ages provided in Genesis, we can know that Enoch was born 622 years after creation, the sixth from Adam; Adam > Seth > Enos > Cainan > Mahalaleel > Jared > Enoch.  Seventh, if you count Adam.  He was the father of Methuselah, the oldest living human on record and the great-great grandfather of Noah.  Enoch lived a total of 365 years, and he did not die.  As recorded in Genesis 5, Enoch walked with God, and was very close to Him.  God simply took him from earth, sparing him from death.

So…canonicity. Is The Book of Enoch something we should concern ourselves with?  Is the argument against it simply one of inertia?  Can we connect some “dots” from other sources that might point toward its validity?  This is what I intend to explore in the following series of articles.

It’s Coming for You!

And as it was in the days of Noah, so it will be also in the days of the Son of Man:    Luke 17:26

“Terrifying speed-demon robot looks like a dinosaur – and can run faster than a human”

Remember when the Terminator movies started coming out? It was great science fiction brain candy back in 1984.  Today?  Artificial Intelligence is supposed to be the within reach.  According to Google chairman Eric Schmidt last year, AI will solve at least the world’s biggest problems across the board.

Not everyone plans to use AI to solve the greater problems of humanity. Just Skin and Drones is an article I put out just last March about the advancing work of perfecting sex-bots.  OK, the article is supposed to be about growing replacement muscle and tendons to help people with injuries, but the cover picture is of Ricky Ma standing next to Scarlett Johansson…I mean, his Mark 1 life-size robot.  Do the math.

The idea is to have a sex-bot so life-like that it will learn all about you and respond to you like a real person.

But back to Terminator. This creepy little robot – sorry; Planar Elliptical Runner – can run along on two legs and resembles something like an ostrich or velociraptor.  It’s not a large model yet, although the article didn’t say how small.  It can run 10 mph.  They figure a human-sized one will be able to do 30.

That’s faster than Usain Bolt’s 2009 Olympic time in the 100 of 27.8mph. Yes, it’s a speedy little devil.

So, you have the computer guys working on AI, the perverts apparently first in line with a “practical” application for it, and now a Terminator body type possibly joining the queue.

And just how was it in the days of Noah, by the way? That’s how Jesus said it will be at His second coming (see also Matthew 24:38-39).  No, there weren’t robots in Noah’s time.

But there were the fallen angels “knowing” women and producing the Nephilim. It can also be inferred that they didn’t stop with people.  God needed to destroy “all flesh” because it had all corrupted it’s way on earth (Genesis 6:11-12).  The fallen angels weren’t just corrupting the human gene pool, but everything else they could get ahold of.

Recall your Greek mythology; satyrs, Minotaurs, centaurs, maenads, and more. I think it quite likely that these are not human/animal hybrids someone just made up, but the real results of the corrupted flesh God needed to wipe out.

Genetics. The fallen angels didn’t dabble in it with test tubes and gene sequencers, but that’s what they were practicing

Now we have animal/human hybrids being grown for “medical” research. Just read my article from last January: Human-Pig Hybrid??  That’s right.  They are already growing embryos that are a mix of human and pig…or whatever.  They kill them at one month, because “This is long enough for us to try to understand how the human and pig cells mix together early on without raising ethical concerns about mature chimeric animals.”

We have men mixing genes from different species to “see what happens.” Men are trying to be God and playing with lives.  Plus, they want to create their own original life with AI and robots covered in artificially grown flesh.  Some of them want to create the perfect mate that will serve them and pleasure them at will.

When will it all end? No one knows for sure; only the Father in heaven.

Meanwhile? Shop for some good running shoes!


In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.   Genesis 1:1

I read a lot of stuff; news online, histories, science fiction…You never know what you might learn. Right now I’m working my way through 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus by Charles C. Mann.

The Americas were very different from what we’ve been taught in school. Most historians now know that there were large, thriving cities and societies long before Columbus ever showed up.  A diary entry from one of the original visitors commented on how densely populated the shores were.  They had trouble trying to find an un-occupied stretch that they could try to settle.

South America boasted some very complex and sophisticated societies also, and not just the human-sacrificing Incas.

Tonight I want to share with you a very interesting, and unintentionally amusing, portion of the book. It’s about maize, which is NOT corn.

Maize is a miracle food, and the way the original inhabitants of this hemisphere farmed it along with other crops is astounding.

Maize does have problems; it lacks digestible niacin, lysine, and tryptophan. Too much maize and not enough other foods with those nutrients can cause protein deficiency and pellagra, a disease caused by a lack of niacin.

Today and going back thousands of years, south American farmers tend fields called milpas. No one crop is grown in a milpa.  They jumble everything together; maize, beans, squash, and avocados.  The beauty of this system is that all of these crops completely complement each other for a very healthy diet.  On top of that, mixing these particular crops in one plot prevents the soil from wearing out.  Ever.  As in never.  Today’s milpa farmers are living on the same fields their ancient ancestors ate from thousands of years ago.

They don’t have to rotate crops from year to year or leave fields fallow for a season or more. No fertilizer is needed, which can cause damage to soil long term.

Cool enough for you yet? What if I tell you that this whole system seems to have sprung into being, fully developed?  That’s right!  No one has been able to figure out how this whole thing might have come into its own.  I’m talking about even the genetics that would have produced maize in the first place.

Here is a string of quotations from the book, spanning pages 217-231. My rye comments are included.  J

“…the development of Mesoamerican agriculture (is) arguably the world’s most ecologically savvy form of farming, and…its centerpiece, Zea mays, the crop known to agronomists as maize.”

But here’s the puzzle, or the maze, if you will. Every domesticated plant and animal has its feral ancestor; cows, pigs, dogs, corn, wheat, rice…  Not so with maize.

“…in the Middle East, for example, the wild barley harvest from a small piece of land can feed a family.  By contrast, no wild maize ancestor has ever been found, despite decades pf search.  Maize’s closest relative is a mountain grass called teosinte that looks nothing like it…Teosinte is not a practical food source; its ‘ears’…(have) hard, woody seeds (and) less nutrition than a single kernel of modern maize.”

Maize seems to have started out as a domesticated plant!  In fact, maize’s anatomy makes reproducing itself problematic at best:

“The grain in wild grasses develops near the top of the stem. As it matures, the stem slowly beaks up – shatters, in the jargon – letting the seed dribble to the ground.  In wild wheat and barley, a common single-gene mutation blocks shattering.  For the plant the change is highly disadvantageous, but it facilitates harvest by humans.”

Even its own seeds work against it. Its very DNA, while similar to other cereal crops, is a hindrance to reproduction.

“At the DNA level, all major cereals – wheat, rice, maize, millet, barley, and so on – are surprisingly alike. But despite their genetic similarity, maize looks and acts different from the rest…Left unattended, other cereals are capable of propagating themselves.  Because maize kernels are wrapped inside a tough husk, human beings must sow the species – it essentially cannot reproduce on its own.”

Well, shucks! Maize really couldn’t get along without human beings in the first place!

“At least sixteen genes control teosinte and maize shattering, a situation so complex that geneticists have effectively thrown up their hands after trying to explain how a non-shattering type (of teosinte or maize) might have appeared spontaneously.

That leaves scientists and academics with an irritating scenario; they don’t know how evolution managed this (it didn’t, of course). This is the part that just gets more and more amusing.  Since they don’t know, and yet they have to teach something, they end up cob-bling together theories on how maize stalked its way into being.

“Utlimately, (the) team found 23,607 whole or partial maize cobs in five caves in the Tehuacan Valley. This ancient refuse became ammunition in a long-running academic battle between Harvard botnaist Paul C. Mangelsdorf and George Beadle, a geneticist who worked at Stanford, Caltech, and the University of Chicago…Mangelsdorf said that it descended from the mix of a now-vanished wild ancestor of maize and wild grasses from the genus Tripsacum.  Teosinte, he said, played no role in its development.  Beadle had a simpler theory: maize was directly descended from teosinte.  Mangelsdorf treated this idea with disbelieving scorn.  By now the reader will not be surprised to learn that an apparently arcane debate about the distant past could become vehemently personal.  Relations between the two men became cold, then bitter, then explosive.  Botanists chose sides and wrote caustic letters about each other.”

I wonder if any of them stooped to leaving burning paper bags of fertilizer on anyone’s porch in the evenings.

And then, when things were probably dying down from that particular row…

In 1997 Mary W. Eubanks, a Duke University biologist, resurrected the hybridization theory with a new variant. Maize, she suggested, might have been created by repeatedly crossing Zea diploperenis, a rare maize relative, and another cousin species, Eastern Gamagrass…The teosinte faction remained skeptical.  A consortium of twelve maize scientists (Seriously?  That many people actually CARED???) harshly attacked Eubank’s work in 2001 for…failing to demonstrate the her hybrid was actually a Zea diploperenis-gamagrass mix and not an accidental blend of Zea diploperenis and modern maize.”


Couldn’t they just allow that, since no one can really know at this point, everyone’s theory likely contains some kernel of truth?

“Nina V. Federoff, a geneticist at Pennsylvania State University, wrote in 2003 that modern maize was the outcome of a bold act of conscious biological manipulation, ‘…arguably man’s first, and perhaps his greatest, feat of genetic engineering.’ (I imagine it was especially difficult without test tubes and microscopes 2000+ years ago). She went on: “To get corn out of teosinte is so – you couldn’t get a grant to do that now, because it would sound so crazy (as if the whole squabble didn’t?). Somebody who did do that today would get a Nobel Prize!  If their lab didn’t get shut down by Greenpeace, I mean.”

So, at the end of it all, no consensus exists on how maize came to be. All they know is that this crop, and the way it is grown with precisely the right other crops, maintains a perfect diet and never tires the soil.  It just suddenly appeared.  Out of nowhere.  With no scientific explanation.  The whole argument just took the starch right out of them.  So to speak.

Just one, last word from the book:

“…the Mexican National Museum of Culture claimed in a 1982 exhibition that maize ‘was not domesticated, but created’ – almost from scratch.”

He who has ears to hear, let him hear!    Matthew 11:15

Evolution and the Geologic Record

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.     Genesis 1

Is the earth billions of years old? Or is the earth, based on biblical chronologies, more like 8000-10,000 years old?  Is creation by God without evolution a fact?  Well, I’m a Christian blogger.  Reading this entry is like going to see Titanic: You know how it’s going to end, but you might find path worth walking.

Like all college undergrads, I had to fulfill a doggone science requirement. I stumbled into geology and found it interesting enough to  stay with it until I had my required hours in.  My historical geology course ended with a 1-question final exam: List all of the geologic periods in order, complete with hand-drawn maps of North America of each period and the major climate, flora, and fauna characteristics of each.  Yeah, it was a booger of an exam…WHICH I ACED!! Point being, I knew my poo.

So I think I’ve got a few chops to write this entry.

In the book “Coming to Grips with Genesis” by Terry Mortenson, PhD. and Thane H. Ury, PhD., the authors do not dispute that there is a fossil record. They do dispute what the record means.  They don’t think it means evolution is the explanation.  The book spends time slowing down our thought process to make sure we distinguish between facts and what someone thinks those facts mean.

So the question I bring to this moment is whether the geologic record is a fact of evolution, or is it something that exists for another reason or reasons? Other facts?

Let me start by referring to “Blink: The Art of Thinking Without Thinking” by Malcolm Gladwell. Mr. Gladwell documents the leap the mind can often take, where something suddenly makes sense to you.  You “know” something without necessarily knowing how you know it.  Know what I mean?  I personally started calling it the “snick” when something suddenly comes into focus like when you’re getting your eyes checked.  The optometrist asks if the image is better like this or (snick) like this, as he clicks another lens into place.

So what “snicked” for me?

First, during my study of historical geology I was never quite comfortable with the geologic record. I just couldn’t reconcile how it could exist as it does with, I don’t know, some nagging, yet unclear reason in my mind.  I couldn’t see in my mind’s eye how such a prolific number of creatures could be preserved in the fossil record the way geologists explained it: animals died, lay where they fell, and were slowly covered by sediments for us to discover billions of years later.  Does that sound kinda iffy to you like it does me?  Hold that thought.

Bigfoot critics like to point out that no one has ever found a bigfoot carcass, so there couldn’t possibly be a Bigfoot. And you can make that argument for any exotic, supposed-to-be creature; chupacabra, Queensland Tiger of Australia, the coelacanth, or…fill in your own blank.  Makes sense, right?  Then I hear a park ranger from the Pacific Northwest admit he’d never seen a bear carcass in all his years in the wilderness.  Does that mean there are no bears?  Of course not.  However, the pivotal point for this discussion is why no bear bodies?  Think of a dead bear as a smorgasbord.  Lots of hungry critters eat him up.  Hm.

I remember seeing a National Geographic special about the ocean floor, which is a pretty desolate place. Just a lot of flat sandy floor with an occasional rock or boulder.  They come across the leftovers of a whale carcass.  The soft tissue has all been pretty well cleaned off by carnivores and scavengers.  There’s little bone and cartilage remaining, but the smallest scavengers and boring worms were going to finish it up pretty soon.

When Robert Ballard discovered the Titanic wreck, he had pictures that puzzled him, pictures of shoes and boots lying alone in pairs on the ocean floor. He suddenly realized that the bodies of the wearers were literally eaten of their footwear bones and all, leaving shoes to mark their owners’ final resting place.

Where did the experts say the fossil record comes from? Animals that died and just laid there unbothered until they were covered by sediment which became geologic layers of rock?  Hm again.

So one day I’m at the Creation Museum near Cincinnati with my wife, and I get to an exhibit about – you guessed it – geology. It showed a picture of the scarred land shortly after the Mt. Saint Helens explosion in 1980.  The mudslides and erosion looked just like another picture next to it: the Badlands.  The Badlands look exactly like the Mount Saint Helen’s landscape, but, of course, MUCH bigger!  What in the world would cause…?  Holy erosion, Batman!  The Flood!  The biblical Flood with Noah!

The flood did not last 40 days as many people incorrectly state. The flood kept coming for forty days, Gen 7:17.  I calculated the timeline provided in Genesis 8 using a 30-day month and came up with 372 days, start to finish, before the earth was dry and God called Noah and family out of the ark.  Over a year.  For water covering the whole earth to drain into a whole new configuration.  That’s some huge drainage.  Happening pretty fast.  The kind of thing that could cause the Badlands and the Grand Canyon kinda quick-like.

The exhibit posited that the erosion we see everywhere on earth happened very fast in the Flood, not over millions of years. That kind of flow and the underwater avalanches that had to happen would explain the rich geologic record.  Their theory, their interpretation of the facts of the geologic record brought my misgivings about the fossil record into focus.  The speed with which everything moved would explain why dead animals didn’t get eaten before being covered.  The different stages of the flooding and then the draining process would explain the geologic “periods”, different periods of erosion and sediment deposits as the waters found their new levels.  Snick.

So…the geologic record exists. Can’t argue that.  But what does it mean?  How did it come to be?  Evolution or God doin’ some good old-fashioned Old Testament Smiting?

Check out the Creation Museum. You might find it…interesting;

Also see “The New Answers Book1” by Ken Ham. Over 25 questions and answers on Creation/Evolution and the Bible.

What do you think? I and other readers want to hear from you!