Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.
Continuing the time line from yesterday, we’ll start getting an even clearer view of who invested very heavily in research in biology, genetics, and eugenics.
Dale Carnegie is a name known for, if nothing else, the Dale Carnegie courses in public speaking. I took the original Dale Carnegie course many years ago. Overall, it was a good class, but I’m now reminded of one portion that I know was completely wrong. We were taught that volume and energy is more important than message content.
That’s wrong. I’ve never heard of that through two degrees in communication and theatre. How did he get that so wrong? It goes to character, and you’ll see now why he got that one completely wrong.
1901 – Dale Carnegie sold his Pittsburgh steel mills to JP Morgan for an estimated $440 Million (equal to about $11 billion + in 2016).
Mr. Carnegie has a reputation as a philanthropist which may not be justified. It is worth our time to look a bit more closely at his life and ideas he is quoted on. From Pirates:
“Believing that ‘the man who dies this rich dies disgraced,’ he established the Carnegie institution of Washington as one of several philanthropies through which to divest himself for an honorable death. (Meaning he, thus, kept his vast fortune and estate properties tax free and under family control.) The Carnegie Institution and the John D. Rockefeller’s Institute for Biomedical Research, founded the same year, were the nation’s major sustained sources of support for the basic biological research during the first four decades of the 20th century. (Emphasis added)” Page 73 (More on Mr. Carnegie further down the time line.
1905 – George Shull of the Carnegie Institute began his experiments in breeding different strains of corn. This was the start of what would become the basis of modern agricultural genetics.
1906 – Nettie Stevens is in residence at CSH. She continued the research that was published the year before which showed that the X and Y chromosomes determine sex through Mendel’s inheritance model.
1907 – Professor Charles Davenport performed his research work in human genetics. He worked out the inheritance of eye color, and he later described the genetics of hair & skin color. He was, at one time or another, Director of Carnegie Dept of Experimental Evolution, the Biology Lab, & Eugenics Record Office. He was the director at Cold Spring Harbor at the same time it was being so heavily funded by the Carnegies, Vanderbilts, Morgans, and the royal families of Britain and Germany through those families. He was a pioneer in eugenics.
1908 – George Shull published his result from his corn breeding research.
1910 – Charles Davenport persuaded Mrs. E.H. Harriman to devote a portion of late husband’s railroad/banking fortune to Eugenics. She bought 75 acres, which she donated and there established the Eugenics Record Office.
This organization used over 250 trained field people to collect human pedigree information through door-to-door canvassing, pouring over patient records at hospitals, as well as prisons and mental institutions. They had collected about 750,000 records in a 15 year period.
1913 – The Federal Reserve was established.
You might wonder what this tidbit is doing in a timeline of the early years of genetics research. It began with secret meetings at a small, non-denominational chapel at Jekyll Island, Georgia. Louis Tiffany, renowned for his stained glass creations and especially his lamps, had his work in the only window at the front of the building. It has an inscription dedicating it to his benefactors, the parishioners who, according to the inscription, “…were granted Divine authority to control the world’s wealth. These people, supporters of eugenics all “…included some of the world’s leading banking, energy, and transportation industrialists.”
“Those in attendance at these meetings were “Frank Vanderlip, President of National City Bank of New York; henry P. Davidson, senior partner of J. P. Morgan Company; and Charles D. Norton, president of Morgan’s First National Bank of New York. (They) invited Paul Moritz Warburg of M. M. Warburg Company of Hamburg, Germany, which was the chief representative of the European banking family, the Rothchilds. (He) masterminded the entire document that we recognize today as The Federal Reserve Act…He searched for a title that would not alert Congress as to the true intent of the document he had prepared.” All quotes this section, page 79
Hopefully, you see the strings being gathered into one, collective hand; a hand that is as much European as American.
More to come…