“The Exodus Case” by Dr. Lennart Moller – Book Review, Part Four of Seven
“Thus says the Lord God of Israel: ‘Let My people go…’” Exodus 5:1
In my first installment of this book review, I wrote about how Bible History and world history don’t seem to intersect. In this third part of my review I want to overview Dr. Moller’s theory on Moses’ presence in the Egyptian record. As in the previous installment, I’ll give the high points
Moses was adopted by Pharaoh’s daughter, who was childless. The question becomes whether there is a Pharaoh during the time of Moses who had but one daughter who was childless and adopted a son.
Thutmosis I/Amenhotep fits that description. He had a daughter, Nefure/Hatshepsut (depending upon their age and changing status within government and religion, different names were adopted). There are statues of Nefure holding a baby boy. The inscriptions name him as Senmut. The child of the sculpture wears a royal ornament, indicating his status as heir to the throne. Senmut is translated as “mother’s brother.”
That may seem an odd name for son…unless the son was adopted. Again, I’ll leave the details for you to cover in the book, but essentially royal succession was heavily tied to religion and the inherited deity of each Pharaoh. In order for an adopted son to be legitimately of the line of a Pharoah with an only daughter, his relationship to the gods had to be direct. Senmut was given the status of being the son of a god. His mother by way of her father was also a daughter of the god, thus making them, theologically speaking, siblings.
In order to legitimize Senmut for the throne, they had to start the “propaganda” very early to ensure he was accepted when he ascended the throne.
Moses was adopted and in line for the throne as the son of Pharaoh’s daughter. His scenario was exactly that of Senmut. The parallel continues. According to the Roman historian, Josephus, Moses was a general of the army, highly educated at court, and extremely successful. The royal court began first to envy, then fear him. They knew he was adopted and not Egyptian by blood.
Recall, then, Moses murdered an Egyptian slave master, was found out, and had to run off. He had given his enemies at court a reason to want him killed. Normally, one might think that a great general would get a wrist slap. Think of Patton in WWII when he abused a couple soldiers. Moses knew they would label him a traitor and use this excuse to kill him.
Guess what happened in Senmut’s case? That’s right; he was disinherited. There is no record of what he might have done, but records show he was suddenly stripped of his privileged status and disappeared under mysterious circumstances. And what do Egyptian’s do when a government official falls out of favor? They deface or destroy all statues and monuments for that person. Almost every statue of Senmut has had its nose broken off. That was a way to symbolically kill someone by removing their ability to breathe or taking away their spirit.
Here are other facts known of Senmut that parallel Moses: he was of humble birth, not royal lineage. At the time of his disappearance, Senmut was effectively ruler of Egypt (Moses was co-ruler when he escaped). Senmut’s shrine did not have the customary funerary feast scenes, but instead depicts him being embraced by the crocodile god (Moses was taken from the crocodile-infested Nile River). There is a surviving statue of Senmut. It shows him having an “aquiline” nose, which is not an Egyptian feature but a Caucasian/Jewish one.
Altogether, Dr. Moller cites 35 qualities shared by both Moses and Senmut. His discussion includes details of the Egyptian religions and its part in the royal line, the meaning of names and why Egyptian rulers were assigned different names in their lifetime. Statistically, such parallels would be unlikely in two separate individuals, making the theory that Moses and Senmut are the same man very compelling.
Intrigued? The book is available on Amazon. I’d also recommend getting the two DVDs that Amazon will suggest you buy along with it. I got them and, I’m glad I did. The book is 400+ pages with tons of documentation, but VERY readable.